What Are Tuberous Breasts
Tuberous breasts is a condition where the breasts form into a tube-like shape because of constriction at the base of the breasts during development. The breasts also tend to develop farther apart and unevenly than a normal chest. The breasts are often characterized by enlarged areolas and sagging. Although this condition may prevent a woman from breast-feeding, it doesn’t lead to any other pregnancy or fertility related issues.
Women with tuberous breasts may range from type one, which is the mildest to type five, which is the most severe. With type one, only the lower inside of the breast is constricted. In the most severe cases, the entire breast is constricted and can be physically deforming.(more…)
The facelift is experiencing a bit of a renaissance it would seem. I have patients of all ages ask about the surgery and whether or not they would be a “good” candidate for the procedure. It’s a good question.
Fifteen years ago, the average age of a patient was about 60 to 65 – today it’s closer to 45 to 50.
Why? Previously, patients were waiting until signs of aging had become extremely visible before opting to ‘turn back the clock’ 10 to 15 years (which is what a well done facelift can do). These days, patients are taking a more proactive approach in reducing the appearance of aging skin – and so are opting for less extensive lifts in their 40s and early 50s. That said, there’s absolutely no “right” or “best” time to undergo a facelift and if anything, having the procedure a little later on makes for an even more dramatic* result (because the face ages at a faster rate the older we get, so the difference between 30 years old and 40 is less than 40 and 50). (more…)
I recently read a blog post by a plastic surgeon in Manhattan who specializes in rhinoplasty. The surgeon made a point that I have seen echoed by quite a few other plastic surgeons on RealSelf.com when answering questions from patients going through rhinoplasty recovery.
The question being posted across multiple online forums is: How different will the nose look 1 year after surgery as compared to 3 months, or 6 months? In other words, “If my nose looks great at 3 months, will it still look good a year from now? Or will it look overly defined and tight as more time passes?”
My opinion is this – there is no definitive answer. Each nose is different and no one can predict how your nose will change over time. However, one thing is glaringly clear to me about rhinoplasty recovery: If the nose doesn’t look good at 3 months, it isn’t going to look good in a year.
Question – Can you offer some insight into all the non-surgical procedures that are inundating the market for skin tightening, for instance, lasers and soundwave technologies? Many are saying they were featured on shows like Dr. Oz to lend credibility to their claims…. I suspect it is just another “too good to be true” story, but your thoughts on the subject would be most welcome. – Debra
Answer – Excellent questions, Debra. Regarding the latest generation of “non-ablative” lasers for skin tightening and sound-wave technologies, the short answer is that, as with most things in life, “there are no shortcuts” and “if it’s too good to be true, it usually is” (for more on the high cost of smartly marketed, less invasive and/or expensive treatments and technologies, please see slides 14-17 from my ‘What to Look For in a Plastic Surgeon‘ presentation.
That said, if a new product, technique or technology is shown to be both safe and superior to the current treatment standard (through peer-reviewed, double blind studies by other plastic surgeons), my approach has always been to assimilate/incorporate it into my practice. Even then, however, I try to never be among the first wave of users. This helps ensure not only the safety of my patients, but also their satisfaction with the results as well.
Case in point, for years, laser liposuction companies and MDs claimed that the machines not only suctioned fat, but were also a method of non-surgical skin tightening. The technology was promoted featured on
promoted featured on Oprah, GMA, The Today Show, People Magazine (‘The New Lipo: Has Fat Met Its Match?‘) and hundreds of other publications. But since its introduction, no studies have confirmed its superiority to traditional tumescent liposuction methods. What has been confirmed, though, is laser liposuction’s potential to burn skin. More on that here.
Perhaps the two most frequently asked questions I receive from women interested in breast enhancement surgery are:
- “Do I need a breast lift with or without implants?”
- “Can I get an ideal result with just breast implants?”
As with most operations, it’s always best to get things right the first time around. And when it comes to breasts, getting it right doesn’t typically mean looking great for only a few short years before the effects of gravity and time undue all the good work that was done.
So when I advise my mastopexy (breast lift) patients on what their options are for achieving the best and most youthful looking breast possible, I always make sure that they have a crystal clear understanding of what their surgery options are and how each option will look and feel over time (re: 1 year, 5 years, 10 years etc.) rather than just what they can expect to look like during the immediate post-operative period.
9 times out of 10, the best path forward is clear and the patient is in full agreement that the procedure’s pros outweigh any cons that may inherently be involved (e.g. a slightly longer incision in return for a stronger, more longer lasting lift).
Of course, not every breast fits perfectly into one of the the breast types described below, but most do, so hopefully readers will find the following example photos and procedure recommendations helpful and/or informative , especially if they are considering their options for a breast lift with or without implants/augmentation.
Question – Below my cheekbone a hollow channel is inching towards the center of my face. I had a facelift two years ago and cannot figure out what is causing this. What can be done to correct this?
The facelift was two years ago. On one cheek, just below my cheekbone and along the path of the lift, a hollow channel has been inching toward the center of my face. The doctor has assured me that this was not a thread lift. The hollow is about 1.25″ in width. The skin above it is taut and looks lifeless. The hollow keeps lengthening and it looks awful. What could be happening? And can anything be done to stop it and/or correct it? – via RealSelf
Answer – Given that your facelift was two years ago, there are a couple possible reasons for why your cheeks now appear hollow/sunken based on the details you provided in your question: One possibility is that your surgeon did more ‘pulling’ & ‘tightening’ of your skin and not enough/any fat or tissue reposition. Another possibility is that you’ve experienced some fat re-absorption within the cheek area in the 2 years since your facelift as a result of weight loss, changes in diet, and/or BMI. The good new is that there are a few ways to replace the volume you’ve lost, which I’ll detail below.
How an overly tight facelift can cause hollow cheeks
Question – How long is the down time during a mommy makeover recovery? How much pain will I be in after surgery?
What is recovery like with a mommy makeover? I have scheduled both a breast augmentation with lift and a tummy tuck and am pretty scared. I am worried that the pain will be unbearable.
I know medication will be provided but I do not want to be comatose. I have 2 small children and a wonderful husband that will be taking 100% care of all 3 of us but I also want to be coherent. Will I be alert and will I be in so much pain as to scare my children? I have had 2 c sections and the pain was completely bearable.
Answer – Both procedures, breast augmentation and tummy tuck, come with a certain degree of pain and discomfort; that said, every patient’s pain tolerance is different. Most patients feel “uncomfortable” for the first few days, but after about a week, begin to feel reasonably well. By the 2nd or 3rd week, you should be back to performing most of your normal, day-to-day activities.
Question – What is the best way to correct breast ptosis, high or moderate profile implants, a breast lift or both?
I am 36 years old, breastfed 2 kids, and have lost volume in my breasts. I have some sagging but my nipple is still over the fold. I weigh 130 pounds and am very fit and toned.
I am 5″4″ and my breast size is a 34B. Before my kids I was a 34C cup. When I was breastfeeding I was a 34D cup. I would like to be a D cup and wonder what type of procedure would be best to correct my ptosis?
Answer – Since you have a small amount of glandular ptosis (pseudoptosis), you not only want to fill-OUT, but lift-UP a little as well. Therefore, my approach would be a dual plane breast augmentation, which would fill out the inferior/lower pole nicely, give you muscle coverage across the upper two thirds of the breast and a nice, slightly lifted appearance.
More specifically, given your body measurements and photo (which shows pseudoptosis with mild Grade 1 ptosis), I suspect that 450cc moderate plus profile implants are needed to give you both the breast size (D cup) and breast lift you desire.
How To Classify/Grade Breast Ptosis
Simply put, grade 1, 2 or 3 glandular ptosis, which refers to how far the areola is sagging below the inframammary fold beneath the breast, the lower attachment point of the breast to the chest wall.
- Grade 1: Mild Ptosis – The nipple is at the level of the inframammary fold, but most of the breast tissue is below the nipple.
- Grade 2: Moderate Ptosis – The nipple is located below the inframammary fold and below the majority of the bottom breast tissue.
- Grade 3: Advanced Ptosis – The nipple is far below the inframammary fold and points towards the floor.
- Pseudoptosis – The nipple lies above or at the level of the inframammary fold while the majority of the breast has descended below the level of the fold. This is not true ptosis, or sagging.
Question – How long does Botox last? What determines how long it will work for me?
Answer – In most patients, Botox lasts between 3-4 months. However, there’s quite a bit of anecdotal evidence suggesting that it’s possible for patients to achieve results that last up to 6, 9 or even 12 months after consistent, long-term and properly-administered use of the Botox product.
In other words, what determines how long the effects of Botox lasts is:
- the dosage (and whether or not it’s been properly diluted)
- the duration & consistency of use
- the skill/experience of the injector or surgeon who administers the injection
The x factor within the “consistent, long-term and properly-administered” conditional I included is, of course, “properly administered”. After all, consistent treatments over several years will matter very little if the wrong amount of Botox has been injected imprecisely/incorrectly. That’s why 2 of the 3 factors explored in this post address it (re: ‘dosage’ and ‘skill/experience of the Botox injector‘).
1. Dosage: Why injecting & diluting the proper amount of Botox = keyThe first factor that impacts the longevity of Botox’s winkle-reducing effects is the dosage. Botox is diluted for safe use regardless of the injection site, so the impact it has on the surface is largely dependent upon the amount of injections. The site of injection will determine the amount of injections you receive.
DeLuca Plastic Surgery in Albany, New York welcomes guest blogger Dr. Mark Mitchell Jones, a plastic surgeon in Atlanta Georgia who specializes in microtia “ear” reconstruction.
Microtia is a common birth defect where the middle and outer ear do not develop normally. The literal meaning of Microtia, comes from the Latin words micro and otia, or “little ear”. In 90% of all cases only one ear is affected.
The standard rib graft technique is the preferred method of Microtia correction. This technique involves surgery in several stages and usually takes 9-12 months to complete. There are several advantages to this technique. The reconstructed ear is created out of living tissue and therefore of a natural skin tone. It reacts to heat and cold and will grow with the child. It is also more durable than a plastic ear and will not need to be replaced.
Over the course of my career I have personally pioneered several innovative techniques to use along with the standard rib graft reconstruction, including the Integrated Cartilage Graft, Wrap Around Earlobe, Juxtaposition Ear and Bespoke Ear. The differences between each are as follows: